Common fuel-related problems for boat engines – And how to avoid them
Engine damage can ruin a boating season, between the expense, the hassle, and worst of all the loss of prime boating time. Boat owners need to be aware of some of the more common fuel-related engine problems and how to reduce the risk of season-ending damage. In an earlier post, we talked about the rise of fuel-related marine engine problems and why we developed Techron® Protection Plus Marine Fuel System Treatment to address those issues. Fuel-related engine problems are a reality for the boating public. Some marinas and select retail roadside gas stations carry fuel marketed as E0, or pure gas. However, the majority of automotive fuel today contains 10% ethanol (known as E10). Ethanol acts as an “oxygenator” and helps reduce carbon emissions. However, it can cause problems when introduced into a boat fuel tank where water may be present. Chief among them:
- Phase Separation: Gasoline oxygenated with 10 percent ethanol is capable of dissolving far more water than conventional gasoline alone. When this gasoline, ethanol and water blend is cooled, both the water and some of the ethanol become insoluble. The result is that the fuel separates into two layers or phases: an upper gasoline layer and a lower, ethanol-rich water layer. The gasoline layer will have a lower octane number and may cause knocking. The fuel also is less combustible; an engine will not run on the water-ethanol layer.
- Corrosion: When water finds its way into the fuel system and combines with air, corrosion of iron and other metallic surfaces can occur, potentially affecting fuel pumps, injectors, fuel tanks, and other metallic components, causing them to degrade and decreasing their useful life. Water resulting from phase separation can also cause rust or corrosion over time.
- Deposits: When gasoline components react with the oxygen in the air, the result is the formation of peroxides or gums. Soluble gums can lead to engine deposits, and insoluble gums can plug fuel filters. Deposits can also form throughout an engine’s intake system, including the fuel injectors, carburetor, intake manifold, intake ports and intake valves. The result is a noticeable decrease in engine performance, power and fuel economy, while increasing emissions and drivability.
Boat owners can mitigate these problems with regular use of a fuel additive designed to clean, protect and refresh fuel systems. Techron Protection Plus Marine Fuel System Treatment is specifically designed to address these issues. In industry standard tests, Techron Marine controlled rust and corrosion to 100% in both fresh water and salt water environments. It cleans carbon deposits, dissolves gum and varnish buildup, and helps prevent new deposit formation. And with its alcohol-free formulation, it does not contribute to water uptake. In a future post, we’ll share some additional tips for proper engine care to help keep your boat on the water and out of the repair shop.